Maintaining a garden seems to be a complicated affair. That said, it’s easy for someone with no experience, as long as they learn the basics of gardening, the problems they might face and the terminology in gardening. This page will help you in your endevours into organic gardening and provide you with beautiful and edible crops, grow awesome flowers and you won’t suffer significant problems.
Here is a brief dictionary of the commonly encountered terminology.
Annual: Plants which only live for one year.
Bolting: When leafy green plants produce a stalk and also seeds. Bolting leaves the leaves bitter and uneven.
Compost: A fertiliser produced by the decomposition of scraps from the kitchen and other waste. It’s sometimes referred to as “black gold” since it is good for plants. They receive fertiliser and nourishment, reduces the chances of diseases in the plants and keeps moisture in the soil.
Deadheading: Removing old flowers to encourage new shoots to grow in the plants.
Direct sowing: Growing plants from seeds in the garden instead of growing in pots and transplanting to the garden.
Full shade: Somewhere with less than three hours of sunlight directly falling on it per day. Most plants will die in full shade.
Full sun: Somewhere with at least six hours of sunlight directly falling on it per day. Most plants love full sun.
Heirloom: Plants with a long life and can be grown by gardeners for generations.
Hybrid: Plants cultivated by cross-breeding two different species.
NPKS: Nitrogen, phosphorous, potassium and sulfur. These are the three elements that are important for the growth of plants. The NPK ratio is given for many commercially produced fertilisers.
Perennial: A plant that lives longer than two years.
pH: How acidic or basic something is, for example, soil. Most plants need a soil pH of 6 to 7. Plants may die if it is outside of this range.